As businesses rely more on cloud computing, the number of personal cloud users also increases. Photos and other personal information are now sent via emails while some are even stored on the cloud permanently. Housing data and information in the cloud has lots of benefits such as data encryption. However, as regards to all technology and computing, security measures has to be taken seriously. No matter how you host on physical or virtual servers, security must be well managed.
This is very important. Always have a backup of your data in case of data loss or users are blocked by ransomware from accessing their information. You may contract for backup services to have your data secured. For critical data, you may consider having a local copy of that incase anything happens
2 Two-step Authentication login and strong passwords.
Two factor authentication can be used for important accounts. This can be done by sending codes to the via SMS.
Passwords must be complex with minimum password length of eight characters, enforcing alphanumeric characters and mixed case. Passwords can also be changed regularly(for example every 60 days). Never use the same password on more than one site and never reuse an old password.
This is one of the best ways to protect your data. It works in two ways;
The first one, your service provider may offer services like local encryption and decryption for your data . This means the service provider takes care of encrypting your files on your computer and storing them safely on the cloud. There is therefore a bigger chance that no one has access to your files. Companies like Garanntor offer this service.
The other way to do this is to encrypt your data yourself. If you have a file you want to move to the cloud for example, you can encrypt locally before moving to the cloud. You do this by using certain software to create a password for that file and then move the file to the cloud. No one will be able to view the file without knowing the password. In creating the password, remember rule number 1.
4 Know the location of your data
In active organizations, data is mobile. Think about sensitive information, like customer records or employee data. Where is it located? In the cloud? On local servers? On employees’ desktops or laptops or phones? Can it be copied onto a USB stick, or emailed outside your secure domain? It is important to not only understand your information life cycle management process but also where the cloud storage and services fit into that process. The security of data that is no longer considered active should be taken into consideration as part of your overall security model – you should have plans to archive it, delete it, or otherwise make sure it is safe.
5 Always test
Just because a server or database is in the cloud don’t make it magically secure. With the assistance of your service provider, you should be able to carry out an active assessment of the security of the cloud service in much the same way that you do on your local resources. Security scanning, vulnerability assessment tools, and penetration testing can give you a higher level of confidence in your cloud security or provide notification of issues that need to be addressed.